There are tons of wood types to choose from! Today we’re going to tell you which wood is right YOUR fire!
Different wood types have their own burning qualities and properties and although there are references to burning green wood in this guide, we would say that for the most efficient and effective burn in your wood burning stove only very dry wood should be used.
There are of course the compressed reclaimed ‘eco’ type of logs and briquettes. These tend to burn well and for a decent length of time because they are dense and very dry, but try to choose a product that doesn’t break apart too easily.
There are over 30 types of wood you can choose from!
|Alder||Produces poor heat output and it does not last well.||Poor|
|Apple||A very good wood that bums slow and steady when dry, it has small flame size, and does not produce sparking or spitting.||Good|
|Ash||Reckoned by many to be one of best woods for burning, it produces a steady flame and good heat output. It can be burnt when green but like all woods, it burns best when dry.||Very good|
|Beech||Burns very much like ash, but does not burn well when green.||Very good|
|Birch||Produces good heat output but it does burn quickly. It can be burnt unseasoned, however the sap can cause deposits to form in the flue with prolonged use.||Good|
|Cedar||Is a good burning wood that produces a consistent and long heat output. It burns with a small flame, but does tend to crackle and spit and the sap can cause deposits to form in the flue with prolonged use.||Good|
|Cherry||Is a slow to burn wood that produces a good heat output. Cherry needs to be seasoned well.||Good|
|Chestnut||A poor burning wood that produces a small flame and poor heat output.||Poor|
|Firs (Douglas etc)||A poor burning wood that produces a small flame and poor heat output and the sap can cause deposits to form in the flue with prolonged use.||Poor|
|Elm||Is a wood that can follow several burn patterns because of high moisture content, it should be dried for two years for best results. Elm is slow to get going and it may be necessary to use a better burning wood to start it off. Splitting of logs should be done early.||Medium|
|Eucalyptus||Is a fast burning wood. The sap can cause deposits to form in the flue and can increase the risk of a chimney fire if burned unseasoned.||Poor|
|Hawthorn||Is a good traditional firewood that has a slow burn with good heat output.||Very good|
|Hazel||Is a good but fast burning wood and produces best results when allowed to season.||Good|
|Holly||Is a fast burning wood that produces good flame but poor heat output. Holly will burn green, but best dried for a minimum of a year.||Poor|
|Hornbeam||A good burning wood that burns similar to beech, slow burn with a good heat output.||Good|
|Horse Chestnut||A good wood for burning in wood stoves but not for open fires as it does tend to spit a lot. It does however produce a good flame and heat output.||Good (For stoves only)|
|Laburnum||A very smokey wood with a poor burn.||Poor do not use|
|Larch||Produces a reasonable heat output, but it needs to be well seasoned. The sap can cause deposits to form in the flue with prolonged use.||Medium|
|Laurel||Burns with a good flame but only reasonable heat output. It needs to be well seasoned.||Medium|
|Lilac||Its smaller branches are good to use as kindling, the wood itself burns well with a good flame.||Good|
|Maple||Is a good burning wood that produces good flame and heat output.||Good|
|Oak||Because of its density, oak produces a small flame and very slow burn, it is best when seasoned for a minimum of two years as it is a wood that requires time to season well.||Good|
|Pear||Burns well with good heat output, however it does need to be seasoned well.||Good|
|Pine||(Including Leylandii) Burns with a good flame, but the resin sap can cause deposits to form in the flue and can increase the risk of a chimney fire must be well seasoned.||Good (with caution)|
|Plum||A good burning wood that produces good heat output.||Good|
|Poplar||A very smokey wood with a poor burn.||Very poor|
|Rowan||Is a good burning wood that has a slow burn with good heat output.||Very good|
|Robinia (Acacia)||Is a good burning wood that has a slow burn with good heat output. It does produce an acrid and dense smoke but this is of course not a problem in a stove.||Good (For Stoves only)|
|Spruce||Produces a poor heat output and it does not last well.||Poor|
|Sycamore||Produces a good flame, but with only moderate heat output. Should only be used well-seasoned.||Medium|
|Sweet Chestnut||The wood burns ok when well-seasoned but it does tend to spit a lot. This is of course not a problem in a stove.||Medium (For Stoves only)|
|Thorn||Is one of the best woods for burning. It produces a steady flame and very good heat output, and produces very little smoke.||Very good|
|Willow||A poor fire wood that does not burn well even when seasoned.||Poor|
|Yew||A good burning wood as it has a slow burn, and produces a very good heat output.||Very good|
Another great wood is Kiln Dried wood!
Kiln dried logs provide you with the ultimate burn quality with maximum heat output. The kiln drying process in our wood fired kilns remove most of the water for you, down to below an average of 20% moisture content. Burning kiln dried logs will ensure your stove glass is kept clean and will prevent a build-up of soot or tar in your chimney or flue and because you get so much heat output, you will actually need less kiln dried logs, than if you were to buy seasoned logs, thus providing you with great value for money. Kiln dried logs also provide you with a consistent product that you can rely on every time, unlike ‘seasoned logs’ which can be inconsistent in terms of their moisture content due to the natural and varied drying process. The standard length of 25cm kiln dried logs is recommended by stove manufacturers to fit 99% of wood burning or multi-fuel stoves.